Skip to data content Skip to data search

KOFSE: Kuwait Oil-Fire Smoke Experiment

Summary

Airborne studies of smoke from the Kuwait oil fires were carried out in the spring of 1991 when ~4.6 million barrels of oil were burning per day. Emissions of sulfur dioxide were ~57% of that from electric utilities in the United States; emissions of carbon dioxide were ~2% of global emissions; emissions of soot were ~3400 metric tons per day. The smoke absorbed ~75 to 80% of the sun's radiation in regions of the Persian Gulf. However, the smoke probably had insignificant global effects because (i) particle emissions were less than expected, (ii) the smoke was not as black as expected, (iii) the smoke was not carried high in the atmosphere, and (iv) the smoke had a short atmospheric residence time.

Data access

Datasets from this project

Additional information

Related links

Temporal coverage

Begin Date 1991-05-19 00:00:00
End Date 1991-06-05 23:59:59

Spatial coverage

Maximum (North) Latitude: 34.00, Minimum (South) Latitude: 21.00
Minimum (West) Longitude: 44.00, Maximum (East) Longitude: 54.00