GCIP LSA-NW EAOP 1999 SNOTEL Daily Precip Data in QC format 1.0 General Description The Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) SNOwpack TELemetry (SNOTEL) precip data in QC format is one of several precip datasets provided in the GEWEX Continental-Scale International Project (GCIP) Large Scale Area-North West (LSA-NW) Enhanced Annual Observing Period (EAOP) 1999. This dataset contains data for the GCIP LSA-NW EAOP-99 domain and time period (01 April 1999 through 31 March 2000). The GCIP LSA-NW EAOP-99 domain is approximately 90W to 115W longitude and 36N to 51N latitude. These data were not quality controlled by the University Corporation for Atmospheric Research/Joint Ofice for Science Support (UCAR/JOSS). 2.0 Detailed Data Description NRCS/SNOTEL Algorithms The following algorithms apply to the NRCS Snow Telemetry (SNOTEL) Daily Precip Data in QC format. Note that these DATA ARE PROVISIONAL AND SUBJECT TO REVISION. The following parameter was converted to JOSS QCF format when it existed in the raw data: Prec - "Accumulated Precip Since", in inches x 100 was converted to QC format incremental precipitation in mm. The accumlation period was reset on Oct 1 of each year. No other parameters were converted. The algorithms used to produce NRCS/SNOTEL daily precip data are not currently available. Information about these stations can be found at the NRCS website at
2.1 Detailed Format Description The GCIP LSA-NW EAOP-99 Daily Precip Data contains ten metadata parameters and 38 data parameters and flags. The metadata parameters describe the station location and time at which the data were collected. The time of observation is reported both in Universal Time Coordinated (UTC) Nominal and UTC actual time. Days begin at UTC hour 0100 and end at UTC hour 0000 the following day. The data parameters are valid for the reported times. Missing values are reported as 9's in the data field. The table below details the data parameters in each record. Several data parameters have an associated Quality Control (QC) Flag Code. For a list of possible QC Flag values see the Quality Control Section 3.0. Parameters Units ---------- ----- Date of Observation UTC Nominal Time of Observation UTC Nominal Date of Observation UTC actual Time of Observation UTC actual Network Identifier Abbreviation of platform name Station Identifier Network Dependent Latitude Decimal degrees, South is negative Longitude Decimal degrees, West is negative Station Occurrence Unitless Station Elevation Meters Station Pressure, QC flag Hectopascals (mb) Reported Sea Level Pressure, QC flag Hectopascals (mb) Computed Sea Level Pressure, QC flag Hectopascals (mb) Dry Bulb Temperature, QC flag Celsius Dew Point, QC flag Celsius Wind Speed, QC flag m/s Wind Direction, QC flag Degrees Total Precipitation, QC flag mm Squall/Gust Indicator Code Value Squall/Gust Value, QC flag m/s Present Weather, QC flag Code Value Visibility, QC flag Meters Ceiling Height (first layer) Hundreds of feet Ceiling Flag (first layer), QC flag Code Value Cloud Amount (first layer), QC flag Code Value Ceiling Height (second layer) Hundreds of feet Ceiling Flag (second layer), QC flag Code Value Cloud Amount (second layer), QC flag Code Value Ceiling Height (third layer) Hundreds of feet Ceiling Flag (third layer), QC flag Code Value Cloud Amount (third layer), QC flag Code Value The list of code values for the Present Weather is too large to reproduce in this document. Refer to WMO, 1988 for a complete list of Present Weather codes. The code values for the Squall/Gust Indicator are: Code Definition ---- ---------- blank No Squall or Gust S Squall G Gust The code values for the Ceiling Flag Indicator are: Code Definition ---- ---------- 0 None 1 Thin 2 Clear below 12,000 feet 3 Estimated 4 Measured 5 Indefinite 6 Balloon 7 Aircraft 8 Measured/Variable 9 Clear below 6,000 feet (AUTOB) 10 Estimated / Variable 11 Indefinite / Variable 12 12-14 reserved 15 Missing The code values for the Cloud Amount Indicator are: Code Definition ---- ---------- 0 0 ( or clear) 1 1 okta or less, but not zero or 1/10 or less, but not zero 2 2 oktas or 2/10-3/10 3 3 oktas or 4/10 4 4 oktas or 5/10 5 5 oktas or 6/10 6 6 oktas or 7/10-8/10 7 7 oktas or more, but no 8 oktas or 9/10 or more, but not 10/10 8 8 oktas or 10/10 (or overcast) 9 Sky obscured by fog and/or other meteorological phenomena 10 Sky partially obscured by fog and/or other meteorological phenomena 11 Scattered 12 Broken 13 13-14 Reserved 15 Cloud cover is indiscernible for reasons other than fog or other meteorological phenomena, or observation is not made. 2.2 Data Remarks 3.0 Quality Control Processing These data were not quality controlled by UCAR/JOSS. See Table 3-1 for a list of the possible quality control flags and their meanings. Table 3-1 - Quality Control Flags 4.0 References Bolton, D., 1980: The computation of equivalent potential temperature., Mon. Wea. Rev., 108, pp 1046-1053. Wallace, J.M., P.V. Hobbs, 1977: Atmospheric Science, Academic Press, 467 pp. World Meteorological Organization (WMO), 1988: Manual on Codes Volume I, Part B - Binary Codes. WMO, Geneva, Switzerland.