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Ayr Lake, Baffin Island 570Yr Leaf Wax Hydrogen Isotope and Varve Data

Summary

A multiproxy paleoclimate record is presented using leaf wax hydrogen isotopes (d2Hwax) and varve thickness from Arctic proglacial lake sediments. Also provided is one of the first evaluations of the utility of d2Hwax as a paleoclimate proxy in Arctic proglacial lakes. Comparison of varve thickness and d2Hwax at sub-decadal resolution from 1948 to 2004 AD, and at sub-centennial resolution from 1450 to 2004 AD is made. Varve thickness and d2Hwax both contain large interannual variability and are anti-correlated during the late twentieth century, suggesting that both proxies respond rapidly, but by different mechanisms, to catchment-scale forcings. At longer time scales, varve thickness exhibits a strong response to Little Ice Age cooling (1661-1827 AD in this record) but does not show evidence for twentieth century warming recorded throughout the Arctic. d2Hwax does record regional- scale temperature changes, with more 2H-depleted values during the Little Ice Age and an abrupt change to more 2H-enriched values in the twentieth century. This corresponds well with a recent Arctic-wide temperature reconstruction in which the seventeenth century is the coldest interval, and the twentieth century is the warmest interval. The results suggest that d2Hwax is a promising proxy that can be applied at high resolution in proglacial Arctic lakes.

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Spatial Type point
Frequency continuous
Language English
ISO Topic Categories
  • climatologyMeteorologyAtmosphere
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Temporal coverage

Begin datetime 1433-01-01 00:00:00
End datetime 2004-12-31 23:59:59

Spatial coverage


Map data from IBCSO, IBCAO, and Global Topography.

Maximum (North) Latitude: 70.459, Minimum (South) Latitude: 70.459
Minimum (West) Longitude: -70.086, Maximum (East) Longitude: -70.086

Primary point of contact information

Jason Briner <jbriner@buffalo.edu>

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