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An Analysis of the Carbon Balance of the Arctic Basin from 1997 to 2006


These data sets are the results of a model-data analysis of the contemporary C balance of the Arctic system. CO2 and CH4 exchange between the terrestrial ecosystems of the basin and the atmosphere, along with the export of dissolved organic C (DOC) to the Arctic Ocean, were estimated using the Terrestrial Ecosystem Model (TEM). The TEM considers the effects of a number of factors on its simulations of C dynamics including changes in atmospheric CO2, tropospheric ozone, nitrogen deposition, climate, and disturbance/land use including fire, forest harvest, and agricultural establishment/abandonment. We used the methane dynamics module of TEM (MDM-TEM) to estimate the exchange of CH4 with atmosphere of both wetlands. The MDM-TEM considers the effects of a number of factors on its simulations of CH4 dynamics including the area of wetlands, fluctuations in the water table of wetlands, temperature, and labile carbon inputs into the soil solution derived from the net primary production (NPP) estimates of TEM.

The results of these simulations were compared with estimates of CO2 and CH4 exchange from atmospheric inversion models and with observations of terrestrial C export from Arctic watersheds. The simulated transfer of land-based C to the Arctic Ocean was compared against estimates based on a sampling of DOC export from major Arctic rivers (McClelland et al., 2008). We summarize our estimates of surface-atmosphere CO2 and CH4 exchange for the land and ocean area matching the three high-latitude regions defined in the Transcom 3 model experiments (Gurney et al., 2002), namely the Boreal North America, Boreal Asia and Northern Ocean regions.

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Additional information

  • 1.0 (2010-02-01)
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Related projects
Spatial Type multiple
Language English
Grant Code 0531047
ISO Topic Categories
  • oceans
GCMD Science Keywords Expand keywords
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Temporal coverage

Begin datetime 1997-01-01 01:01:00
End datetime 2006-12-31 23:59:59

Spatial coverage

Map data from IBCSO, IBCAO, and Global Topography.

Maximum (North) Latitude: 83.50, Minimum (South) Latitude: 45.00
Minimum (West) Longitude: -180.00, Maximum (East) Longitude: 179.50

Primary point of contact information

A. Dave McGuire <>

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Example citation following ESIP guidelines:

McGuire, A., et al. 2010. An Analysis of the Carbon Balance of the Arctic Basin from 1997 to 2006. Version 1.0. UCAR/NCAR - Earth Observing Laboratory. Accessed 28 Nov 2020.

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